Exist in animal food. Generally speaking, lean meat has higher cholesterol content than poultry, fat meat is higher than lean meat, and shellfish and molluscs have higher cholesterol content. Egg yolk, roe and animal organs have the highest cholesterol content.
Generally, foods with a content of less than 100 mg per 100 grams of food are called low-cholesterol foods, such as eel, pomfret, carp, lean pork, lean beef, lean lamb, duck, etc.
The cholesterol content per 100 grams of food is 100 to 200 mg. Foods called medium cholesterol foods, such as grass carp, crucian carp, silver carp, eel, river eel, turtle, crabmeat, pork chop, chicken, etc.
And foods with a cholesterol content of 200-300 mg per 100 servings are called high-cholesterol foods, such as pig kidney, pig liver, pork belly, clam meat, pork, egg yolk, crab yolk, etc.
Animal foods generally contain it, while plant foods generally do not. The following daily foods contain a lot of it and should be taken seriously:
1. Pig brain. Every 100 grams of pig brain contains 2571 mg, sheep brain is 2004, and bovine brain is 2447.
2. The internal organs of animals. For example, pig kidney, pig liver, pig lung, pig spleen, pig intestines (cattle, sheep, chicken, fish) contain more, and the content per 100 grams is about 200-400.
3. Egg yolk. 50 grams of eggs contains 292.5 mg. For patients with hyperlipidemia, do not exceed 2 or 3 eggs per week.
4. Squid. Each 100 grams of squid contains 268 mg. It is best not to exceed once or twice a week.
5. Shellfish. Such as fresh scallops, scallops, oysters, abalones, etc., the content per 100 grams is 100 to 200 mg.
6. Butter, mutton oil, lard and other animal fats are rich in fat, and can promote the liver to synthesize more cholesterol.
Although the intake of dietary cholesterol is not the main source of cholesterol in the blood, controlling its intake is an important measure to prevent cerebrovascular diseases such as dyslipidemia, hypertension, coronary heart disease, and atherosclerosis.
Foods rich in fiber
Get enough vitamin C
Avoid greasy food Redistribution of intake
The daily fat intake is roughly divided into saturated fat, multi-unsaturated fat and monounsaturated fat.
For people with high cholesterol levels in the body, the best ratio of the three fats is 7:10:13.
In other words, the calories of saturated fat should be reduced to less than 7% of the total intake, the calories of unsaturated fat should be reduced to less than 10% of the total intake, and the calories of monounsaturated fat can be increased to the total intake. More than 13%.